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A Comprehensive Guide to Understanding Acne

Acne is a skin condition affecting millions worldwide. 

Whether you're dealing with occasional breakouts or persistent acne, having an understanding of different types, causes, and effective tools you can implement into your daily life is essential. 

In this guide, we'll explore acne, look at its various forms, and provide advice and recommendations towards achieving healthier and clearer skin.

Different Types of Acne

Acne isn't a one-size-fits-all condition. It presents itself in different forms, each with unique characteristics. Let's dive into the primary categories:

1. Non-inflammatory Acne

   - Blackheads (Open Comedones)

Blackheads occur when pores are clogged by sebum (oil) and dead skin cells,   ‘open’ comedones are follicles filled with excess oil, debris and dead skin cells which oxidise, giving them a black or dark appearance. 

   - Whiteheads (Closed Comedones): 

Similar to blackheads, but with the pore closed, creating a small bump on the skin. Can be firmer and when squeezed may not empty. 

   - Papules

Red, inflamed bumps without pus can sometimes feel more sore. 

   - Pustules: 

Pimples with a white or yellow centre filled with pus can sometimes be confused with papules. 

2. Inflammatory Acne

  - Nodules:

Large, painful bumps beneath the skin's surface that can be quite painful to touch. 


 - Cysts:

Deep, pus-filled lesions that are painful and often lead to scarring.

The Main Causes of Acne

Understanding the triggers behind acne is very important to prevent it getting worse.

Here are some common causes:

1. Excess Sebum Production: Overactive sebaceous (oil) glands can lead to clogged pores.

2. Accumulation of Dead Skin Cells: Dead skin cells within hair follicles can cause clogging especially when combined with oil. 

3. Bacterial Infection: When dead skin cells and oil become clogged, bacteria starts to form  deep in the skin, this can cause follicles to break and cause an infection. 

4. Hormonal Fluctuations: Hormones, particularly testosterone, play a significant role in sebaceous (oil gland) activity and can over stimulate and produce too much oil. 

5. Genetic Predisposition: If acne runs in your family, you're more likely to develop it.

6. Medications: Certain medicines can contribute to acne especially if you are on them for a long time. 

7. Diet: High-glycemic-index foods like cake, sweets, cookies etc and also over consuming dairy products may trigger or worsen acne.

8. Stress: Prolonged stress triggers cortisol which can have an effect on oil glands and over stimulate them. 

 Managing Acne At Home 

Having a simple yet effective daily skincare routine along with a clean healthy diet and supplementation will drastically help acne. 

1. Gentle Cleansing: Cleanse your face twice daily with a Cleanser. If your skin is oily look for a gel based cleanser and if it is dry/dehydrated and breaking out you need a cream or oil based cleanser.

2. Avoiding Irritants: avoid scrubs that may irritate and redden the top layer of skin. 

3. Face Mask: Once or twice a week home treatment that helps with inflammation and lifts any build up out of pores. 

4. Clean Diet: Opt for a low-glycemic diet for 30 days rich in fruits, vegetables, and omega-3 fatty acids.

5. Adequate Rest and Sleep: Prioritise sufficient rest for overall skin health.

6. Supplements: Daily Omega 3 fatty acids and Zinc for healing and to take down inflammation. 

The Skin Studios Recommended Products for Oily Skin with Acne

Consider changing up your daily skincare routine.

1. DMK Acu Klenz: A gel based Cleanser that reduces oil and is antibacterial

2. DMK Acu Therm: Targeted thermal spot treatment

3. DMK Acu Cream: Antibacterial Cream for morning and night

4. DMK Beta gel: Beta Glucan to help with barrier health and take down inflammation.

4. DMK Actrol Powder: Oil control powder to reduce excess oil, also antibacterial.

The Skin Studios Recommended Products for Dry Skin with Acne

1. Dermaviduals Cleansing Milk or Cleansing Gel: A gentle cleanser to help strengthen skin barrier,reduce irritation and inflammation.

2. Dermaviduals Bespoke Serum: Blended serum to target acne and improve impaired barrier function.

3. Dermaviduals DMS Base Classic Cream

4. Dermaviduals Individual Mask - Blended mask with actives to target acne and dry skin. 

Consistency is KEY in skincare routines. 

We offer Skin Consultations if you would like more guidance.

To healthier skin! 🌟

Juliet x

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